Cosmopolitan city and capital of Portugal, the history of Lisbon has always been linked to its geographical position, which proves strategic in the relationship of the Iberian Peninsula with the Atlantic Ocean.
The foundation of the village is lost in times and legends, and there are several archaeological finds that prove the presence of the Phoenicians about 1200 years BC, as well as traces dating back to the Neolithic period.
We are therefore facing one of the oldest cities in the world, where celtics, Greeks, Romans and Moors have also passed through.
After the Roman occupation, in which Lisbon was calledOlissipo,the city was invaded by the Arabs, who called it 'Al-Ushbuna',Ushbunaremaining as an important point of trade, namely with a view to the exchange of goods to countries such asMorocco, Tunisia or Egypt.
In the 10th century, Lisbon was one of the largest cities in Europe, with about 100,000 inhabitants, even larger than London or Paris.
Gradually, the Moors were introducing their culture, and by this time Alfama is born, today the most typical neighborhood of the city, and the first fortresses of The Castle of São Jorge, one of its main sights, are built.
In 1147, Lisbon was reconquered by the first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques, and became the capital of the kingdom in 1255.
The history of Lisbon is marked by its transformation into a starting point for the caravels and naus that discovered new worlds and also in a market center where the spices of the East arrived and were traded.
This period is celebrated by the Tower of Belém and the Jerónimos Monastery, two architectural jewels of the sixteenth century, which today delight tourists visiting the city.
In 1755, Lisbon was devastated by an earthquake, followed by a tsunami and a violent fire that destroyed much of the city. The reconstruction followed, which transformed it into today's modern metropolis.
Ranked by CNN as the coolest city in Europe, praised for its nightlife and fascinating streets in its historic neighbourhoods, Lisbon is now one of the most sought-after European capitals for tourists, although it retains its genuineness.
With a sun that shines 290 days a year and a mild temperature, Lisbon is a safe city, where you can stroll by day and go out at night in tranquility.
Rich in heritage, cultural animation and multiculturalism, Lisbon is famous for its welcome, a fact that earned it to have been considered, in a survey of Trip Advisor,the third most hospitable city in the world. The Portuguese capital has, moreover, in its 'curriculum'several distinctions, including the World Leading City Break Destination award..
Visiting Lisbon is not only touring its typical streets and neighborhoods, but also observing the city from its numerous viewpoints, visiting museums, enjoying the fantastic Tagus River, enjoying the gastronomy and entering the unique world of Fado.
Here are some of the city's top attractions:
· Águas Livres Aqueduct
· Arch of Augusta Street
· Alfama District
· Basília of the Star
· Casa dos Bicos / José Saramago Foundation
· Fernando Pessoa House
· House-Amália Rodrigues Museum
· Saint George's Castle
· Belém Cultural Center
· Carmelite Convent
· Coliseu dos Recreios
· Elevator of Glory
· Rossio Station
· Sport Lisboa e Benfica Stadium
· José de Alvalade Stadium
· Roman Galleries
· Lisbon Zoo
· Viewpoint of Grace
· Penha de France Viewpoint
· Viewpoint of Senhora do Monte
· Santa Luzia Viewpoint
· Viewpoint of São Jorge
· Eduardo VII Park Viewpoint
· Jerónimos Monastery
· Museum - Cemetery of Pleasures
· Bordalo Pinheiro Museum
· Calouste Gulbenkian Museum
· Navy Museum
· Museum of the Presidency of the Republic
· Fado Museum
· National Museum of Ancient Art
· National Coach Museum
· Lisbon Oceanarium
· Pattern of Discoveries
· Queluz National Palace
· Park of Nations
· Parque Eduardo VII
· Campo Pequeno Bullring
· Lisbon Cathedral
· National Theatre of S. Carlos
· Belem Tower