Lisbon, the city that enchants!
Updated: Dec 29, 2020
Cosmopolitan city and capital of Portugal, the history of Lisbon has always been linked to its geographical position, which is strategic in the relationship between the Iberian Peninsula and the Atlantic Ocean.
The foundation of the village is lost in times and legends, there are several archaeological finds that prove the presence of the Phoenicians about 1200 years BC, and traces that date back to the Neolithic period.
We are, therefore, facing one of the oldest cities in the world, where Celts, Greeks, Romans and Moors also passed through.
After the Roman occupation, in which Lisbon was called 'Olissipo', the city was invaded by the Arabs, who called it 'Al-Ushbuna', remaining as an important point of trade, namely for the exchange of goods to countries like Morocco, Tunisia or Egypt.
In the 10th century, Lisbon was one of the largest cities in Europe, with about 100 thousand inhabitants, even bigger than London or Paris.
Little by little, the Moors were introducing their culture, and by this time Alfama was born, today the most typical district of the city, and the first fortresses of St. George's Castle, one of its main tourist points, were built.
In 1147, Lisbon was reconquered by the first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques, and became capital of the kingdom in 1255.
The history of Lisbon is marked by its transformation into the departure point of the caravels and ships that discovered new worlds, and also into a commercial center where the spices of the Orient arrived and were traded.
This period is celebrated by the Tower of Belém and the Monastery of Jerónimos, two architectural jewels of the sixteenth century, which are today the delights of tourists who visit the city.
In 1755, Lisbon was devastated by an earthquake, followed by a tidal wave and a violent fire that destroyed much of the city. It was followed by reconstruction, which transformed it into today's modern metropolis.
Foto: Júlia Orige/Pixabay
Classified by CNN as the coolest city in Europe, praised for the nightlife and fascinating streets of its historic districts, Lisbon is today one of the most sought after European capitals by tourists, although it maintains its genuineness.
With a sun that shines 290 days a year and a mild temperature, Lisbon is a safe city, where it is possible to walk by day and go out at night in tranquility.
Rich in heritage, cultural animation and multiculturalism, Lisbon is famous for its good reception, a fact that has earned it a reputation as the third most hospitable city in the world, according to a Trip Advisor survey.
The Portuguese capital has, moreover, in its 'curriculum' several distinctions, among which the World Leading City Break Destination award.
To visit Lisbon is not only to walk through its streets and typical neighborhoods, but also to observe the city from its many viewpoints, visit museums, enjoy the fantastic Tagus River, appreciate the gastronomy and enter the unique world of Fado.
Here are some of the main attractions of the city:
- Aqueduct of Águas Livres
- Augusta Street Arch
- Alfama Neighbourhood
- Basilia da Estrela
- Casa dos Bicos / José Saramago Foundation
- Fernando Pessoa House
- House-Museum Amália Rodrigues
- São Jorge Castle
Foto: Júlia Orage /Pixabay
· Cultural Center of Belém
- Carmelite Convent
- Coliseu dos Recreios
- Glory Elevator
- Rossio Station
- Sport Lisboa e Benfica Stadium
- José de Alvalade Stadium
- Roman Galleries
- Lisbon Zoo
- Miradouro da Graça
- Miradouro da Penha de França
- Miradouro da Senhora do Monte
- Viewpoint of Santa Luzia
- São Jorge Viewpoint
- Miradouro do Parque Eduardo VII
- Jerónimos Monastery
- Museum - Prazeres Cemetery
- Bordalo Pinheiro Museum
- Calouste Gulbenkian Museum
- Navy Museum
- Museum of the Presidency of the Republic
- Fado Museum
- National Museum of Ancient Art
- National Coach Museum
- Lisbon Oceanarium
- Standard of Discoveries
- National Palace of Queluz
- Park of Nations
- Edward VII Park
· Campo Pequeno Bullring
- Lisbon Cathedral
- S. Carlos National Theater
- Tower of Belém
Foto: Julius Silver/Pixabay